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206                                     FLORA  INDICA,

Butus purpureus.
      maculentus.                             cli<madrifolia,
Potentilla atro-smguinea*                    sorlifolia.
Of the western forms not hitherto collected to the eastward
of Jatnu, are Rubus fruticosus and Potentilla desertorum.
Under this term we include the province of that name, and
all the hill states south of Kashmir, and between the Jelam
on the north-west and Jamu on the south-west; thus in-
cluding the left, bank of the Jelam river from where it leaves
Kashmir to the plains of the Panjab.
The vegetation of the lower hills of this province has been
noticed under the Panjab ; that of the upper appears, so far
as it is known, to be identical with that of Jamu and Chamba.
Clematis Gourianto, which extends from Khasia, here finds *+-
western limit.
Kunawar includes the upper part of the Satlej basin, to tKc
borders of Piti and Guge in Tibet, Its general direction
is north-east and south-west; its bounding mountains are, to
the south-east, the Cis-Satlej chain, and to the north-west
the mountains bounding Piti. To the south-west and north-
east the natural boundaries are less defined, and formed by
secondary chains from the former. The province is usually
divided into upper and lower Kunawar, the former approxi-
mating in climate to Piti.
The mountains which descend from the two parallel bound-
ing chains of Kunawar to the Satlej are very lofty; they are
crossed in the usual route to Tibet by the Werang Pass,
13,200, and the Runang Pass, 14,500 ; the passes over its
southern bounding chain are the Shatul Pass, across the Cis-
Satlej, leading to the Simla province, elevated 15,560; and
the Kuibrang, over a more northern branch of the same, and